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What is diabetes

WHAT IS DIABETES?


Asian mother and daughterDiabetes is a chronic disease in which your body’s pancreas is unable to make or properly use insulin, leading to excess glucose in the blood - high blood sugar levels. Insulin is a key hormone necessary for regulating blood sugar levels; it acts like a key to let glucose into your body’s cells to be used as energy.1-3 It is estimated that 463 million people worldwide have diabetes, representing a significant global health imperative that impacts nearly every country around the world.4

Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for approximately 90% of all diabetes cases, is a disease largely a result of excess body weight and physical inactivity and causes your body to become resistant or not properly use the insulin being produced. If blood sugar levels are not well-controlled, people with Type 2 diabetes may face additional consequences including an increased risk of hypertension, high cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease – each of which have their own risks and challenges that can impact a person’s overall health.1,3 Diabetes however can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed by following a healthy diet, getting regular physical activity, not smoking and if necessary, medication.1-4



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WHAT IS PREDIABETES: UNDERSTAND YOUR RISK

Prediabetes (also known as impaired fasting glucose) is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis.

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HEALTHY EATING AND DIABETES

There are several benefits to following a healthy diet, one importantly being it can help better manage and maintain blood sugar levels within your target range.

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FOODS THAT AFFECT BLOOD SUGAR

Foods that contain carbohydrates such as fruits, pasta, bread, and starchy vegetables, get broken down into glucose for your body to use as energy, but also have the greatest impact on your blood sugar levels.

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IMPORTANCE OF BREAKFAST

You’ve likely heard the old adage – breakfast is the most important meal of the day.

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SET AN ACTION PLAN

While you can’t change your genes, you can make some simple positive behavioral and lifestyle changes that can help you better manage your diabetes and avoid complications.

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NOT ALL CARBS ARE THE SAME

There are three main types of carbohydrates (carbs) in food — starches, sugars, and fiber — and each one affects your blood sugar levels differently.

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