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Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

What is MCI?
It is a condition consisting in a slight decline in memory and thinking ability, which exceeds the level expected due to normal ageing. It is considered as the stage between normal ageing and dementia.
"MCI is thought to affect 15-20% of people aged 65 years or older (1).
1. Alzheimer’s Society. Factsheet 470LP. 2015."

"Approximetely 20% of people with MCI go back to normal cognition (1) and 45% remain stable at MCI (2)
1. Canevelli M, et al. JAMDA 2016;17:943–948.
2. Hu C, et al. Int Psychogeriatric 2017;29:1595–1608"

You can think You don´t have memory problems, until you call Fiona, Phoebe again

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Is Mild Cognitive Impairment considered as a disease?

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) it is not a disease itself. It is a disorder, causing a mild but noticeable decrease in mental processes

What are the sign and symptoms of Mild Cognitive Impairment?

A person with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) experiences difficulties with one or more of the following mental domains / processes:

How is Mild Cognitive Impairment diagnosed?

Common symptoms of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) include problems with memory, reasoning, attention and language

How to manage Mild Cognitive Impairment?

Medical doctors may encourage lifestyle changes for people diagnosed with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) such as engaging in brain-stimulating activities and changing dietary behaviours.

Is Mild Cognitive Impairment reversible?

Some people with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) may remain stable or even improve, no longer showing any signs or symptoms.

Does Mild Cognitive Impairment always lead to dementia?

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) progresses to dementia when a person with MCI experiences irreversible cognitive changes that affect daily activities and regular tasks, such as housework.

What is the difference between Mild Cognitive Impairment and dementia?

The term Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) can be explained as a decline in brain function. It can also be thought of as an early stage of a dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease.

Why does the brain of patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment require an extra supply of energy?

The brain of patients who have Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) lacks energy because there is less glucose available to use than normal, and therefore the brain is less efficient.

How can a nutritional intervention help meet the brain energy requirements in Mild Cognitive Impairment?

People experiencing Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) the brain loses the ability to use glucose as a source of energy. This means that an extra source of energy is needed for make up for this deficiency.

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