What is Dysphagia?

Some of the groups of people who suffer from dysphagia and how if affects them

Elderly people 45% find some difficulty in swallowing;
65% of those living in residential or nursing homes: chewing and swallowing muscles are weaker, loss of teeth and saliva production reduced.
Stroke sufferers 30%: nerves, muscles and cognitive/brain function affected
Multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease Nervous system and muscles affected
Alzheimer’s disease sufferers and severe depressives Cognitive/ brain function affected
Motor Neurone Disease Nervous system, nerves and muscles affected
People with cancer of the throat and/or mouth Nerves and muscles damaged by disease and treatment
People with head and neck injuries Nerves and muscles damaged
People with chronic heartburn, internal burns associated with poisoning or radiotherapy Structural damage to muscles and lining of oesophagus
People with an obstruction: infection (laryngitis, tonsillitis, herpes), abscess or muscles in the oesophagus which go into spasm when food and drink is introduced Structural problems: lumen (tube) of oesophagus too narrow
Medical accidents: such as tearing of the throat lining Structural damage to lining of the oesophagus and/or muscles and nerves