In a study among dysphagia patients receiving care in an outpatient clinic (mean age of 65+16y), the EAT-10 displayed excellent internal consistency, test-retest reproducibility and criterion-based validity3.Further research among patients from acute care, long-term care, and primary care settings demonstrated that the EAT-10 is useful as a self-administered test, easy to understand for the majority (95.4%) of patients, quick to perform having a mean completion time of <4 minutes, and capable to differentiate patients at risk for dysphagia vs. those with a normal swallow4.
The EAT-10 total score and individual answers are helpful information to build a personal care plan.
The EAT-10 is not a diagnostic tool, its purpose is to screen for those at risk patients as early as possible, assess symptom severity and also evaluate the effectiveness of ongoing treatment.
If the EAT-10 total score indicates potential problems swallowing efficiently and/or safely,then confirm clinical signs of dysphagia with the volume-viscosity swallow test (V-VST) or another validated method of clinical assessmentand/or with use of instrumental methods such asvideofluoroscopy.
3.Belafsky PC et al.Validity and reliability of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10).Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008 Dec;117(12):919-24.
4. Burgos R et al.[Translation and validation of the Spanish version of the EAT-10 (Eating Assessment Tool-10) for the screening of dysphagia].Nutr Hosp. 2012 Nov-Dec;27(6):2048-54.