The top eight food allergens in children are milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat and soybeans. Over the past 10 years, there has been a large increase in the number of babies diagnosed with food allergies.
Do not confuse lactose intolerance with CMPA
It is important to know the difference between lactose intolerance and CMPA (also known as CMA), as the two have different causes and also treatments; in addition, CMPA usually develops early in life, whereas lactose intolerance is extremely rare before the age of 5 years.
What is CMPA?
CMPA is a type of milk allergy where a baby's immune system responds to the proteins found in cow's milk, causing the baby to have allergic symptoms. These can include problems with the skin (rash, hives, dry, scaly or itchy skin), digestive system (diarrhea, vomiting, constipation and reflux) and respiratory system (noisy breathing, coughing, runny nose). CMPA usually occurs before a baby’s first birthday.
What is lactose intolerance?
In contrast to CMPA, lactose intolerance does not involve the immune system. Instead, it is the inability to digest the lactose sugar found in cow’s milk, and it is very rare in children younger than 5 years of age. Lactose is one of the most important carbohydrates (sugars) in breast milk and provides many benefits to babies. Lactose helps to promote healthy gut flora and calcium absorption.
CMPA vs. lactose intolerance
Understanding the difference
ALL ABOUT CMPA
YOUR STEPS ON THE CMPA DIAGNOSIS PATH
While the symptoms can be distressing, cow’s milk protein allergy can be easily managed with the correct diet, so getting the right diagnosis from your doctor as early as possible is very important. If you observe any of the symptoms that could be related to CMPA in your baby, firstly, don't worry. Discuss your concerns with your doctor and he/she will follow the steps to reach a final diagnosis. Follow the links below for information and guidance on the CMPA diagnosis path and the common signs and symptoms of CMPA.
UNDERSTAND THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CMPA
Learn more about the common signs and symptoms of CMPA
GETTING A DIAGNOSIS
Learn more about how CMPA is diagnosed